French mathematician & philosopher Henri Poincaré (1854-1912)
This presumes that there will be a triumph of a government system for regulating society. Yuval Noah Harari, in his 2011 book Sapiens, A Brief History of Humankind , shows that our behaviors are controlled by self-replicating cultural biases that may very well lead to the permanent destruction of humanity and, that industrialization is both one product of that bias and a clear indicator of its influence. The exceptions, explanations and incalculable time frame Fukuyama lays out to validate his theory ignore the reality of human motivational behavior as explained by Kahneman and Tversky in their 1981 essay "The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice." Kahneman and Tversky provide evidence and data that prove we do not behave in ways that the majority of academics define as "rational" and, therefore, predictable. That lack of rational predictability is even truer in any political undertaking. To say that democracy may expire, perhaps for centuries, but will rise again and become the universal norm provides a reason to look elsewhere for useful exploration of humankind's future.
Concerning this region, Huntington departs from Kitsikis contending that a civilizational fault line exists between the two dominant yet differing religions ( Eastern Orthodoxy and Sunni Islam ), hence a dynamic of external conflict. However, Kitsikis establishes an integrated civilization comprising these two peoples along with those belonging to the less dominant religions of Shia Islam , Alevism , and Judaism . They have a set of mutual cultural, social, economic and political views and norms which radically differ from those in the West and the Far East.