Andrzej Pronobis is a Research Associate in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle, as well as a Senior Researcher at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. His research is at the intersection of robotics, deep learning and computer vision, with focus on perception and spatial understanding mechanisms for mobile robots and their role in the interaction between robots and human environments. His recent interests include application of tractable probabilistic deep models to planning and learning semantic spatial representations. He is a recipient of a prestigious Swedish Research Council Grant for Junior Researchers and a finalist for the Georges Giralt . award for the best European . thesis in robotics.
Licentiate degrees vary widely in their meaning, and in a few countries are doctoral level qualifications. Sweden awards the licentiate degree as a two-year qualification at doctoral level and the doctoral degree (PhD) as a four-year qualification.  Sweden originally abolished the Licentiate in 1969 but reintroduced it in response to demands from business.  Finland also has a two-year doctoral level licentiate degree, similar to Sweden's.  Outside of Scandinavia, the licentiate is normally a lower level qualification. In Belgium, the licentiate was the basic university degree prior to the Bologna Process and was approximately equivalent to a bachelor's degree,   while in France and other countries it is the bachelor's-level qualification in the Bologna process.  In the Pontifical system, the Licentiate in Sacred Theology (STL) is equivalent to an advanced master's degree, or the post-master's coursework required in preparation for a doctorate (. similar in level to the Swedish/Finnish licentiate degree), while other licences (such as the Licence in Canon Law) are at the level of master's degrees.