Science research paper reference format

Write accurately

  1. Scientific writing must be accurate. Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate. (A student who tried not to repeat the word "hamster" produced this confusing sentence: "When I put the hamster in a cage with the other animals, the little mammals began to play.")
  2. Make sure you say what you mean.
  3. Instead of: The rats were injected with the drug. (sounds like a syringe was filled with drug and ground-up rats and both were injected together)
    Write: I injected the drug into the rat.

    What about replication studies? I’ve been skeptical about replication studies for a long time, on the general principle that if the original study is too noisy to work, the replication is likely to have similar problems. That said, I do see value in replication studies—not so much as a strategy for scientific learning but as a motivator for researchers. Or, maybe I should say, as a disincentive for sloppy studies. Again, consider power pose: That work was flawed in a zillion ways, some of which are clear from reading the published article and others of which were explained later in a widely-circulated recantation written by the first author on that paper. But it’s hard for a lot of people to take seriously the claims of outsiders that a research project is flawed. Non-replication is a convincer. Again, not a convincer that the effect is zero, but a convincer that the original study is too noisy to be useful.

    Science research paper reference format

    science research paper reference format

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