late 14c., in grammatical sense (opposed to active ), Old French passif "suffering, undergoing hardship" (14c.) and directly from Latin passivus "capable of feeling or suffering," from pass- , past participle stem of pati "to suffer" (see passion ). Meaning "not active" is first recorded late 15c.; sense of "enduring suffering without resistance" is from 1620s. Related: Passively . Passive resistance first attested 1819 in Scott's "Ivanhoe," used throughout 19c.; re-coined by Gandhi in South Africa. Passive-aggressive with reference to behavior is attested by 1971.
The Commission then dealt with the position in Durban in two parts: the Old Borough up till 1932 (which consisted of approximately 13 square miles) and the Added Areas since 1932 which extended the Old Borough of 13 square miles to the new Municipal area of 67 square miles). In the Old Borough the Commission found 512 cases of penetration by Indians into predominantly White areas, of which 150 sites were acquired and occupied and 362 sites were acquired but not occupied. In the Added Areas, the Commission was unable to establish which portions were predominantly White in 1927 since it did not receive any information from the DCC on the position prior to 1934. Of the 1, 759 divisions acquired by Indians since the beginning of 1934 the Commission found that 730 of these adjoined sub-divisions which were already in Indian ownership on that date. The Commission found that the greater part of the Added Areas was not predominantly White in 1927 and it concluded that the position in the Added Areas was not acute.