Note: It is important to realize that although the following studies appear to
demonstrate a strong correlation between spanking in childhood and problems in
adulthood, no cause-and-effect relationship has been conclusively proven.
Results of studies reported upon during: 1985 & 1986
1987 to 1995 , including one remarkable comparison and a longitudinal study of major importance
1996 & 1997 , including another study of major importance
Correlations between childhood spanking & adult sexual behavior
Print a form to ask that your child be exempted from corporal punishment at school
Spanking /child abuse in Canada: Background
Events: 1980 to 1999
Events: 2000 to 2006
Decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, 2004
Events: 2007 to 2012
Events: 2013 to now
There are definitely concerns about physical punishment. Some parents lose control and can injure children – even breaking bones or causing bruises. Others can use violence excessively or as the only method of discipline. In this case, the child will be hurt, fearful and anxious and will not learn to distinguish right from wrong. The biggest problem with physical violence is when it is not appropriate to the age of the child. It can be very effective to quickly smack a two-year-old who is screaming. However, it is not effective to beat a 16-year-old who is late for school once again.
In the UK, spanking or smacking is legal, but it must not cause an injury amounting to Actual Bodily Harm (a "serious" injury such as visible bruising, breaking of the whole skin etc.); in Scotland since October 2003 it has been illegal to use any implement or chastise to the head when disciplining a child. In England and Wales slippering (. striking the buttocks repeatedly with the sole of a slipper) has been the traditional method of punishing children in the home. It is assumed still to be legal, provided that no long-lasting bruises are caused.